Risk factors of Skin Cancer

Risk factors of Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is usually caused by mutations in terms DNA of the skin cells. Skin cancer is into three forms: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. The DNA of the skin cells can be damaged because of exposure to harmful artificial light, ultraviolet radiation found in the sun, toxic substances or a weakened immune system.

Here are the risk factors for skin cancer

Fair Skin
When you have less melanin in your skin, it provides less protection against the damaging UV radiation. Dark skinned people are at lesser risk of suffering from skin cancer.

Sunburn
Sunburn happens when your skin is badly damaged by UV radiation. When this is done repeatedly, its damage the skin and could lead to skin cancer.

Moles
Those who have abnormal moles are at higher risk of skin cancer. These moles are irregular in shape and are generally larger than normal moles. They are more likely to act as sites for skin cancer.

Runs in the family
Genetic has a role to play when it comes to skin cancer. It possible there is recurrence in a patient that was once diagnosed with cancer.

A weakened immune system
Those with weakened immune system are at higher risk of skin cancer. This includes people living with HIV/AIDS and those taking immunosuppressant drugs after an organ transplant. This is usually because it becomes easier for the infection to take control if healthy cells are weak.

Exposure to radiation
People who received radiation treatment for skin conditions such as eczema and acne may have an increased risk of skin cancer, particularly basal cell carcinoma.

Precancerous skin lesions
Skin lesions can increase the risk of developing skin cancer. Skin lesions are mostly found on the face, hands, and head. These precancerous skin growths typically appear as rough, scaly patches that are brown to
dark pink.

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